What’s The Difference Between Claims-Made And Occurrence In Insurance?

What's The Difference Between Claims-Made And Occurrence In Insurance?

It can be difficult to understand all the different parts of an insurance policy, especially when trying to distinguish between claims-made and event insurance. Both types of insurance protect policyholders in essential ways, but they work in different ways that can significantly affect them.

This piece will discuss the main differences between claims-made insurance and event insurance. These include how coverage starts, how to handle coverage that goes back in time, and what these differences mean for costs and claims handling. Knowing these variations will help you pick the type of insurance that best fits your needs.


Claims-made Insurance

It’s called “claims-made insurance,” and it covers claims made during the policy period, no matter when the event caused them. For coverage to kick in, the event and the claim must occur while the insurance is still in effect.

A back date, or the date from which coverage starts, is one of the most essential parts of claims-made insurance. Only if a retroactive endorsement is added to the policy will a claim be paid for something that happened before the retroactive date.

Many policies that pay out claims also have an extra reporting period that lets owners report claims for a specific time after the policy has expired or been canceled. This may be very important to ensure that claims made after the insurance has ended are covered. Consumers need to know their plans’ limits and standards to ensure they have enough security. Overall, claims-made insurance covers a wide range of dangers.


Occurrence Insurance

In the event of an accident occurring during the policy time, regardless of when the claim is made, the insurance policy covers it. This means the event will be covered if the insurance is in effect, even if the claim is made years later. People often choose occurrence plans for long-tail risks, like environmental claims, where the results of an event might only be seen for a short time.

One of the best things about event insurance is that it doesn’t cover things that happened in the past. This means the coverage is based on when the event occurred rather than when the claim was made. This can be helpful for insurers because it makes it easier to get coverage for long-tail claims that might only be found or reported years after the fact.

Also, most occurrence insurance policies don’t offer a longer reporting time because compensation is based only on when the event happened. In other words, once the policy period ends, there is no more time to file event claims.

Occurrence insurance is more accessible for consumers to get coverage, especially for long-tail risks where the claim’s time may need to be precisely clarified. It gives clients more peace of mind when facing possible liabilities because it bases coverage on when the event happened instead of when the claim is made.


Critical Differences Between Claims-made And Occurrence Insurance

Accidental damage insurance and claims-made insurance are two common types of insurance. Each has its features and perks. Knowing the main differences between these two kinds of insurance can help users choose the proper coverage. These are the main ways that claims-made insurance and event insurance are different:


1. Coverage Trigger:

Claims-Made: Coverage is activated when a claim is made during the policy term, regardless of when the occurrence happened.

Occurrence: For coverage to begin, the event must happen during the insurance period, no matter when the claim is initially made.


2. Retroactive Coverage:

Claims-Made: Needs a back date, which is the first day of service. If you don’t add a retroactive recommendation, claims for things that happened before this date won’t be protected.

Occurrence: Doesn’t need a date that goes back in time. No matter when the insurance was bought, coverage is based only on when the event happened.


3. Extended Reporting Period (tail Coverage):

Claims-Made: This type of insurance usually comes with an extra reporting period, also called “tail coverage,” that lets customers file claims for a certain amount of time after the policy has ended or been canceled.

Occurrence: This type of coverage is based on the event’s date, not the date the claim is made, so it doesn’t usually include a longer reporting time.


4. Cost Considerations:

Claim-Made: The first rates for claims-made policies are usually lower than those for event policies. However, the service cost can increase, especially if longer reporting times are needed.

Occurrence: The first-rate for occurrence policies might be higher than for claims-made policies, but more extended reporting periods don’t cost extra.


5. Long-tail Liabilities:

Claims-Made: This type of liability may work better for long-tail claims, like professional malpractice claims, where the results of an event may only be seen for a short time.

Occurrence: Covers long-tail risks more simply because it is based on when the event happened, not when the claim was made.


6. Flexibility:

Claims-Made: This option grants you more freedom in choosing when to file a claim, as long as it’s done during the policy or extra filing periods.

Occurrence: This option offers more apparent coverage for occurrences within the insurance term, regardless of when the claim is made.

  • Comparing A Claims-Made vs. Occurrence Policy

Knowing these key differences can help people choose the right type of insurance for their needs. At first glance, plans that pay out after a claim may seem cheaper, but consumers should consider the possible long-term costs, especially if they need to report for more extended periods. Event-based insurance is more accessible to cover long-tail risks, but the starting rates may be higher. Talking to an insurance expert can help customers determine what coverage will work best for them.



Policyholders need to know the differences between claims-made insurance and event insurance to ensure they have the right coverage for their needs. Claims-made insurance covers claims made during the policy period, while occurrence insurance covers events during the policy period, even if the claim is not filed until later. By carefully considering the type of business they run and the risks they face, policyholders can choose the best insurance policy for their needs.